New Head Coach Dave Rennie confirmed his selection ahead of the Guinness PRO14 Launch in Dublin today.
Having arrived at the club in the summer of 2010, Aldershot-born Wilson has gone on to become a key member of the Glasgow Warriors playing squad, helping the club to a first Guinness PRO12 title in the 2014/15 season.
To date, he has appeared for the club on 127 occasions, having made his 100th appearance against Edinburgh in January 2016.
The 28-year-old also played a crucial role in helping the club reach their first ever European quarter-final in the 2016/17 campaign, scoring one of Glasgow's six tries in the historic 43-0 victory over Leicester Tigers at Welford Road.
Known for his all-action approach to the game, the backrower has become a regular in the Scotland set-up, winning 30 caps since his debut against Wales in 2013.
Having played a part in each of Scotland's pool matches at the 2015 Rugby World Cup, he was then involved in Scotland's most successful Six Nations campaign for a decade in 2017, as well as starting in the memorable 24-19 victory over Australia in Sydney earlier this summer.
Wilson's leadership qualities are well known to Glasgow Warriors supporters, having led the team on multiple occasions throughout his career.
He can also claim the distinction of being the first - and so far, only - player to captain Scotland 'A' to victory over England Saxons on English soil, having led the team to a 13-9 win in Newcastle in 2013.
Speaking to glasgowwarriors.org following the announcement, the new captain was understandably delighted with the news.
"It's a huge honour for me,” said Wilson.
"This club has been a big part of my life, and my family's life, since I moved here.
"I've captained the club on a number of occasions, but to be named club captain means a lot to me.
"I'm looking forward to working with Dave (Rennie) and the coaching team and I can't wait for the new season to begin.”
Glasgow Warriors Head Coach, Dave Rennie added: "I've met Ryan two or three times over the last year and I've watched him train and I've watched him operate within the group and I believe he's an excellent choice.
"He was part of the leadership group last season and even in my short time here so far he speaks really well and is demanding.
"Ryan has a real ability to challenge others, but also put an arm around those who need it and I think that is a really rare quality.